When Ishmael Bernal used the exact same term “Second Golden Age” in his last major interview, with Aruna Vasudev (16-23), I knew that it had effectively supplanted Bienvenido Lumbera’s coinage “New Philippine Cinema” in his “Problems in Philippine Film History” (193-212); even a foreign “history” volume like Bryan L.
Yeatter’s mostly dispensable write-up observes a 1974-85 periodization (129-65) that acknowledges a “Second Golden Era” without any clue about its provenance – a sign that the idea had become paradigmatic.
plagiarism in the arts is reprehensible if the artist claims a whole work that is not really hers. Take a part of it out of context, it slides into something else na.
On September 1868 the people of Spain who were tired of the autocratic rule of queen Isabella II, rose in revolution and succeeded in setting up a government which guaranteed the basic human freedom.
This government under President Serrano sent Don Carlos de la Torre as Governor and Captain General of the Philippines.
His arrival in Manila was most welcome by the liberal minded Spaniards, mestizos and Filipinos, all of whom hailed him as their liberator from the supposed tyrannies of the conservative and reactionary elements here.
During his term he posed and acted as a true democrat.